Pengaruh Belanja Ekonomi di Era Desentralisasi Fiskal terhadap Kemiskinan di Indonesia

Main Article Content

Zainuddin Zainuddin
Hamdani Hamdani
Ilyas Ilyas
Maryam Maryam


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of provincial government sectoral spending on poverty in the era of fiscal decentralization in Indonesia. Meanwhile, the sectoral expenditure variables that are considered closely related to poverty are economic spending, housing and public facilities spending, health spending, education spending, and social protection spending according to provinces in Indonesia. The data in this study is panel data, namely cross-section of 33 provinces, and time series of 4 years, namely the period 2012 - 2015. After the Chow test and Hausman test, as well as the lagrange multiplier test, the analysis model in this study was determined to be the random effect model, which is a common analysis model in panel data analysis. This study concludes that partially negative economic spending on poverty, meaning that sector spending can reduce poverty in the era of fiscal decentralization in Indonesia. In this analysis, it was found that the ability of the independent variable in explaining the dependent variable was 0.190165 units or 19.02%, and the remaining 80.98% was explained by other variables not included in this study.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Zainuddin, Z., Hamdani, H., Ilyas, I., & Maryam, M. (2021). Pengaruh Belanja Ekonomi di Era Desentralisasi Fiskal terhadap Kemiskinan di Indonesia. Jurnal EMT KITA, 5(1), 10–18.


Ade, Cahyat., Christian, G., & Michaela, H. (2007). Mengkaji Kemiskinan dan Kesejahteraan Keluarga. Bogor: Cifor. Aksara.

Bratanova, B., Loughnan, S., Klein, O., Claassen, A., & Wood, R. (2016). Poverty, inequality, and increased consumption of high calorie food: Experimental evidence for a causal link. Appetite, 100, 162-171.

Dercon, S., Gilligan, D. O., Hoddinott, J., & Woldehanna, T. (2009). The impact of agricultural extension and roads on poverty and consumption growth in fifteen Ethiopian villages. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 91(4), 1007-1021.

Greene, W. (2012). H.(2012): Econometric Analysis.

Indonesia, R. (1999). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 25 Tahun 1999 Tentang Perimbangan Keuangan antara Pemerintah Pusat dan Daerah. Jakarta (ID): RI.

Indonesia, R. (2004). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 22 Tahun 1999 Tentang Pemerintahan Daerah. Jakarta (ID): RI.

Indonesia, R. (33). Tahun 2004 tentang Perimbangan Keuangan antara Pemerintah Pusat dan Pemerintah Daerah. Direktorat Jenderal Otonomi Daerah, Jakarta.

Jhingan, M. L. (2016). Ekonomi pembangunan dan perencanaan. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Jia, J., Guo, Q., & Zhang, J. (2014). Fiscal decentralization and local expenditure policy in China. China Economic Review, 28, 107-122.

Jin, J., & Zou, H. F. (2005). Fiscal decentralization, revenue and expenditure assignments, and growth in China. Journal of Asian Economics, 16(6), 1047-1064.

Johnson, N. L., Kovarik, C., Meinzen-Dick, R., Njuki, J., & Quisumbing, A. (2016). Gender, assets, and agricultural development: Lessons from eight projects. World Development, 83, 295-311.

Kumari, R. (2016). Impact of Fiscal Decentralization on Policy of Local Goverment. International Journal of Advanced Research, 1013-1014.

Mai, T., & Mahadevan, R. (2016). A research note on the poverty dynamics and cost of poverty inequality: Case study of Indonesia. Economic Analysis and Policy, 49, 100-107.

Martinez-Vazquez, J., & McNab, R. M. (2003). Fiscal decentralization and economic growth. World development, 31(9), 1597-1616.

Neyapti, B. (2010). Fiscal decentralization and deficits: International evidence. European Journal of Political Economy, 26(2), 155-166.

Noor, M. (2012). Memahami Desentralisasi Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Interpena.

O'Boyle, E. J. (1999). Toward an improved definition of poverty. Review of Social Economy, 57(3), 281-301.

Omari, L. V., & Muturi, W. (2016). The effect of government sectoral expenditure on poverty level in Kenya. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 7(8), 219-242.

Otsuka, K., & Kalirajan, K. (2012). Fiscal Decentralization and Development Outcomes in India: An Exploratory Analysis.

Reid, C. A., & Evanson, T. A. (2016). Using simulation to teach about poverty in nursing education: A review of available tools. Journal of Professional Nursing, 32(2), 130-140.

Sánchez, C. S. G., Mavrogianni, A., & González, F. J. N. (2017). On the minimal thermal habitability conditions in low-income dwellings in Spain for a new definition of fuel poverty. Building and Environment, 114, 344-356.

Sinnathurai, V., & Březinová, O. (2012). Poverty Incidence and its determinants in the estate sector of Sri Lanka. Journal of Competitiveness.

Thornton, J. (2007). Fiscal decentralization and economic growth reconsidered. Journal of urban economics, 61(1), 64-70.

Todaro, M. P., & Smith, S. C. (2006). Pembangunan ekonomi.; Edisi Kesembilan; Jilid I. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Van den Broeck, G., & Maertens, M. (2017). Moving up or moving out? Insights into rural development and poverty reduction in Senegal. World Development, 99, 95-109.

World Bank., 2006. Era Baru Pengentasan Kemiskinan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Gradasi

Xie, D., Zou, H. F., & Davoodi, H. (1999). Fiscal decentralization and economic growth in the United States. Journal of Urban economics, 45(2), 228-239.

Yang, Z. (2016). Tax reform, fiscal decentralization, and regional economic growth: New evidence from China. Economic Modelling, 59, 520-528.

Yushkov, A. (2015). Fiscal decentralization and regional economic growth: Theory, empirics, and the Russian experience. Russian Journal of Economics, 1(4), 404-418.